Three trends, seven paths and four obstacles in th

2022-08-01
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Three trends, seven paths and four obstacles of robot development

Abstract: robot software is more important than hardware, because artificial intelligence technology is reflected in software, and the trajectory planning, workshop layout and automatic feeding of digital workshop all need the combination of software and hardware. Therefore, talents in the robot industry should understand both mechanical technology and information technology, especially robot control technology

the first is the integration of software and hardware. Robot software is more important than hardware, because artificial intelligence technology is reflected in software. The trajectory planning, workshop layout and automatic feeding of digital workshop all need the combination of software and hardware. Therefore, talents in the robot industry should understand both mechanical technology and information technology, especially robot control technology

the second is the fusion of deficiency and reality. Through a large number of simulations and virtual reality, virtual reality can be organically combined with the actual processing process in the workshop

the third is man-machine integration. The data of human, machine and robot show that how to integrate organically deserves in-depth consideration in the industry

seven paths for robot development

first, from serial robot to serial parallel hybrid robot. Most of the earliest robots were in series. With the development of the market, both series and parallel robots should be used. The series parallel hybrid robot has the advantages of strong rigidity of parallel structure and control of series structure, which only means that the plastic manufacturer can easily install this kind of equipment in the existing production workshop

second, from rigid body robot to rigid flexible body robot. The accessibility and flexibility can be realized by the end or body of the flexible robot. The problem of drilling and punching can be solved by using the flexible robot in aviation construction

third, from single robot operation to multi robot cooperation, we are working together through some technical breakthroughs. When the distribution of manufacturing space, the distribution of functions, the parallelism of tasks, and the integration of tasks are limited, the space to build a digital workshop or an intelligent workshop is limited, and involves the sequence of tasks. Therefore, a single robot cannot achieve the goal

fourth, the combination of robot technology and IOT technology. Through the combination of industrial robot and IOT, intelligent and flexible automatic assembly and welding is promoted. Through IOT, industrial robots have the ability of perception, that is, they have vision and touch, and can collect various data in the production process in real time

fifth, the combination of virtual reality. Virtual reality combined system can reduce the dependence on robot, reduce production costs, improve efficiency, and further eliminate the hidden dangers of robot safety. Through virtual reality simulation, every trajectory and position of the robot can be predicted and controlled by the user to prevent accidents

sixth, the combination of robot technology and pattern recognition technology. Pattern recognition is particularly effective for robot detection. When the robot processes parts, it can check whether there are quality defects and non-conforming technical conditions

seventh, the combination of robot technology and artificial intelligence. After the combination of robot and artificial intelligence, the robot will no longer be fixed in the fence, but human-computer cooperation and human-computer integration. This is the most essential feature of robots, but it is still very difficult to achieve this

four obstacles to the promotion of robots

first, three intensive manufacturing modes. The three intensive types refer to labor intensive, resource intensive and pollution intensive. Since the reform and opening up, the environment of the production workshop is often noisy. In the past 30 years, the manufacturing industry has made great progress, but there are also great problems in the manufacturing industry

second, the technical route based on imitation. Since the reform and opening up, the coastal economies of Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Guangdong and Shandong have developed rapidly, but most of the enterprises' products are mainly imitation. In times of economic shortage, the block economy has played a great role in solving the problem of the shortage of things. But now that the market economy is mature, almost every industry has the problem of overcapacity

third, the marketing strategy of low price competition. Many enterprises take low price as the greatest advantage, and good performance and price means that they sell cheaply. For example, this product follows the technical route of imitation. When the product can be sold for 100 yuan, after half a year, the next factory can sell for 80 yuan. After half a year, another factory can sell for 60 yuan. When the product is sold for 60 yuan, no one can make money. The difficulties in manufacturing industry are largely caused by the marketing strategy of low price competition

fourth, extensive workshop management. Many enterprises are still in an extensive management mode, and robots can not solve the problem at all. This is not a robot problem, but a lean production problem

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